By John Archibald
This quantity explores quite a few facets of moment language speech, with precise specialise in contributions to the sector made through (primarely) generative linguists the sounds and sound platforms of moment language novices.
Second Language Phonology starts with an summary of moment language acquisition study as a way to position the research of L2 speech in context. This introductory bankruptcy is by means of an overview of conventional methods to investigating interlanguage phonology. The 3rd bankruptcy involves a dialogue of appropriate facets of a studying conception that has to be integrated in a remedy of the way humans examine sound platforms. the following 3 chapters concentrate on specific elements of the psychological represenation of phonological competence; segments, syllables, and tension, respectively. The penultimate bankruptcy bargains with concerns regarding the mechanisms that govern the altering of interlanguage grammars through the years. the quantity ends with a precis of the problems raised through the textual content.
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Additional info for Second Language Phonology
Scovel (1969) attempted to apply these findings to second language acquisition. He also wrote a book on the subject in 1988 which we will discuss later. Scovel noted, as had many other researchers, that children appear to be able to acquire nativeL1ke pro nunciation in the second language while most adults do not. His claim was that the fact that both lateraL1zation of the brain and the abiL1ty to acquire an accentfree L2 wereL1mitedby the onset of puberty was too great a coincidence to ig nore.
Johnson and Newport (1989: 90) summarize their results as follows: Subjects who arrived in the United States before the age of seven achieved native performance on the test. For arrivals after that age, there was a L1near decL1ne in performance up through puberty. Subjects who arrived in the United States after puberty performed on the average much more poorly than those who arrived earL1er. After puberty, however, performance did not continue to decL1ne with increasing age. In a similar study, Newport (1990) investigated subjects who were learning American Sign Language (ASL) as a second language.
Birdsong's results suggest that the native and non-native speakers do not diverge dramatically in their acceptabiL1ty judgments. Judgments were made on seventy-six sentences and the native and non-native groups were compared. The native and non-native groups differed significantly on seventeen of the seventysix items (approximately 22%). " He maintains this position primarily because fifteen of the twenty non-native speak ers' performance falls into the performance range of the native speakers.
Second Language Phonology by John Archibald