By John M. G. (RTL) Barclay
This quantity encompasses a clean English translation of Josephus' apologetic treatise "Against Apion", in keeping with the recent severe textual content verified by means of H. Schreckenberg. It additionally presents the 1st English observation in this treatise, with complete remedy of the old, literary, and rhetorical good points of Josephus' most tasty literary product. "Against Apion" includes crucial facts for hostility to Judeans in antiquity, as Josephus responds to either Egyptian and Hellenistic slurs at the Judean humans, their origins and personality. Josephus' strong security of his humans, together with his outstanding account of the Judean structure ("theocracy"), additionally constitutes the best instance of Judean apologetics from antiquity. The remark will supply a richly-documented source for the numerous readers of this treatise - those that learn and educate early Judaism, early Christianity, and the cultural politics of antiquity. It additionally deals the 1st "postcolonial" studying of Josephus, in his try and current his Judean culture lower than the cultural hegemony of the Greek highbrow culture and the political energy of Rome.
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Of the other options, mention by Homer (as the famous “Solymi”) would give the Judeans an “illustrious origin” (clara initia, Hist. 3). 1). 1). Sabbath rest (indolence), fasting, abstention from pork, anti-Egyptian rites, and worship of the ass are all brought under this heading, and connected via ludicrous etiology to an Egyptian account of the exodus. 2). 1). 2). It would be misleading to suggest that such xenophobia and snide disdain were directed uniquely, or even to an atypical degree, against Judeans.
317). INTRODUCTION there was no such convention in labelling the work or describing its contents. There was clearly a problem. The treatise has two distinguishable Parts (see above, § 1), and any label which fits one does not obviously suit the whole. 1-144) he is not the only one. Since Josephus himself gives no comprehensive title for the work, we are left to select a partial title (“On the Antiquity of the Judeans”; or “Against Apion”), or combine the two (as in Jerome, or the Latin manuscript tradition, De Iudaeorum vetustate sive contra Apionem), or invent one of our own.
3-4; cf. Quintilian, Inst. 53 (first refute the opposition, then present one’s own case). Plato’s Apology spends as much time advocating Socrates’ philosophy as defending him against charges. Josephus reports the combination of “apology” and “encomium” in Nicolas’ account of the life of Herod (Ant. 86). 59 Conversely, an encomium could contain many elements of apologetic; Isocrates complained that Gorgias’ Encomium of Helen would be better termed an “apology” (Hel. Enc. 14). 62 To class Josephus’ Apion as an “apology” is not yet to say anything about the reality of the charges here addressed, or of the audience here implied.
Flavius Josephus: Against Apion by John M. G. (RTL) Barclay