New PDF release: Earliest Italy: An Overview of the Italian Paleolithic and

By Margherita Mussi

ISBN-10: 0306464632

ISBN-13: 9780306464638

ISBN-10: 0306471957

ISBN-13: 9780306471957

This ebook goals to synthesize greater than 600,000 years of Italian prehistory, starting with the decrease Paleolithic and finishing with the final hunter-gatherers of the early Holocene. the writer treats such matters because the improvement of social constitution, the increase and fall of particular cultural traditions, climatic swap, adjustments of the panorama, fauna and plant life, and environmental version and exploitation and contains targeted descriptions of crucial sites.

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Extra info for Earliest Italy: An Overview of the Italian Paleolithic and Mesolithic

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There are also some aquatic birds and remains of tortoise. In “Sett. 3a,” bison is the dominant taxon, followed by rhino and elephant. The animal assemblage points to an open environment such as a steppe or a grassland with some trees. Pollen analysis of a sample from the paleosurface, “Sett. 3a,” included 80 percent NAP with Gratnineae being dominant. The few arboreal pollen are from Alnus, Salix cfr. populus, Platanus, Pinus, Cedrus, and oak (Accorsi 1985) (Fig. 17). More than 10,000 lithic implements have been collected during excavations.

Tusa ( 1992) also stressed that archaic-looking lithic tools are found associated with potsherds at some much later prehistoric sites of Holocene datemuch more so when it happens, as is the rule in some areas, that quartzite, limestone, and lava are the available raw materials. Then, last but not least, we just ignore the effects of isolation on Paleolithic human groups, as communication with the rest of the world would have been at best rather difficult. We cannot rule out that such a critical situation could lead to unusual developments in lithicsother aspects of the cultural background not being available for investigationsand that this could result in meaningless evolutionary and comparative classifications.

The industry is quite similar in the three layers except for the lack of pebble tools in “Sett. 3a,”where there is also a very limited amount of bone. The raw material was available next to the site. The flint is mostly of poor quality and splits along natural fissures. Many of the implements are accordingly difficult to recognize, and it cannot be determined whether they are broken or naturally split. Limestone pebbles, also easily available, were used for chopping tools. A detailed description of the industry of “Sett.

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Earliest Italy: An Overview of the Italian Paleolithic and Mesolithic by Margherita Mussi

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