Documenting Domestication: New Genetic and Archaeological - download pdf or read online

By Melinda A. Zeder, Daniel G. Bradley, Eve Emshwiller, Bruce D. Smith

ISBN-10: 0520246381

ISBN-13: 9780520246386

ISBN-10: 1423789652

ISBN-13: 9781423789659

Agriculture is the lever with which people reworked the earth over the past 10,000 years and created new types of plant and animal species that experience eternally altered the face of the planet. within the final decade, major technological and methodological advances in either molecular biology and archaeology have revolutionized the learn of plant and animal domestication and are reshaping our figuring out of the transition from foraging to farming, one of many significant turning issues in human heritage. This groundbreaking quantity for the 1st time brings jointly top archaeologists and biologists engaged on the domestication of either crops and animals to contemplate a wide selection of archaeological and genetic techniques to tracing the beginning and dispersal of domesticates. It presents a complete evaluation of the cutting-edge during this speedy altering box in addition to studies of modern findings on particular crop and cattle species within the Americas, Eurasia, and Africa. supplying a distinct worldwide standpoint, it explores universal demanding situations and power avenues for destiny growth in documenting domestication.

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Extra info for Documenting Domestication: New Genetic and Archaeological Paradigms

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British Archaeological reports International. Oxford: British Archaeological Reports. Piperno, D. R. 1988. Phytolith analysis: An archaeological and geological perspective. San Diego: Academic Press. ———. 1993. Phytolith and charcoal records from deep lake cores in the American tropics. In Current research in phytolith analysis: Applications in archaeology and paleoecology, D. M. Pearsall and D. R. ), pp. 58–71. MASCA Research Papers in Science and Archaeology, Vol. 10. Philadelphia, PA: The University Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology, University of Pennsylvania.

At the same time that the clear description of the cause and effect relationship between deliberate and sustained planting of seed plants and root crops and the resultant morphological changes associated with both unconscious and methodical selection has resulted in improved recognition and documentation of those changes in archaeological assemblages, it has also served to focus attention on a number of productive pathways for future inquiry. First among these, of course, is the challenge and promise of uncovering new datasets and new approaches relevant to identifying plant domesticates in the archaeological record.

Since this major transformation eventually encompassed most of the inhabitable portions of the earth, there exists in the archaeological record a rich variety of individual, regional-scale, historical-developmental histories that offer ever-increasing opportunities for comparative analysis and interpretation. As the chapters in this volume demonstrate, evidence for this transition has been steadily accumulating from different parts of the world over the past half century, with technological and methodological advances since the 1980s rapidly accelerating access both to previously poorly known regions, and to previously unrecognized data classes.

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Documenting Domestication: New Genetic and Archaeological Paradigms by Melinda A. Zeder, Daniel G. Bradley, Eve Emshwiller, Bruce D. Smith

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