By Renaud Camus
Le huitième quantity des Demeures de l'esprit, le quatrième consacré à l. a. France, est constitué des régions Rhône-Alpes et Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur.
Voltaire et Rousseau sont presque voisins, entre Ferney et les Charmettes. Mme de Sévigné trône au sommet de los angeles butte de Grignan, ce Versailles de l. a. Provence. Cézanne n'était pas mal logé non plus, dans son joli Jas de Bouffan. Pourtant, quand Renoir vient y voir son ami, il s'enfuit rapidement vehicle il trouve que l'avarice règne dans los angeles demeure. l. a. vie était sans doute plus gaie aux Collettes, sa propre maison de Cagnes-sur-Mer. Et Picasso menait grand educate à Vauvenargues, derrière los angeles montagne Sainte-Victoire. Ce ne sont là, avec Fragonard, que les plus fameux des peintres dont ce quantity nous fait franchir le seuil, parmi lesquels Réattu, Ravier, Hébert, Utrillo, Mélik, and so on.
Un seul compositeur, mais de taille : Berlioz, à los angeles Côte-Saint-André. Des inventeurs : Montgolfier ou Aristide Bergès. On pourrait dire aussi un mot de Nostradamus, ou bien d'Ampère, de Claude Bernard ou de Ferdinand Fabre. Cependant nous sommes loin d'en avoir fini avec les écrivains et les poètes : Daudet n'a jamais habité le moulin de Fontvieille mais son ami Mistral demeurait à Maillane, Charles Forot à Saint-Félicien, dans l'Ardèche, Charles Maurras à Martigues et Giono à Manosque, bien sûr. Et si nous remontons dans le temps, voici Honoré d'Urfé en son beau l. a. Bastie et son frère Anne en sa forteresse d'Urfé, sur los angeles montagne. Quant au savant Théodore Reinach, il refaisait los angeles Grèce dans sa villa Kérylos, à Beaulieu-sur-Mer.
Table détaillée des websites en fin de quantity avec appréciations et renseignements pratiques.
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In the fifteen years since the first edition of the bibliography appeared, the number of books and articles on Algeria has increased dramatically, though English-language publications remain a mere fraction of the literature available in French. This period has brought profound changes to Algeria: the introduction of economic reforms leading to a free market economy; the end of single-party rule; political pluralism; the dramatic resurgence of political Islam in the form of the Front islamique du salut; and the country's tragic descent into virtual civil war following the military coup d'état in January 1992.
A high rate of investment, one of the highest in the Third World, was needed to implement these ambitious economic policies and to finance the rapid expansion of the educational system to produce skilled workers and managers for the new factories. Revenues from oil and gas, now the country's major source of foreign exchange, were inadequate, and the government was forced to borrow heavily from European and American banks by mortgaging future oil and gas exports. As Algeria's oil reserves are much smaller than those of other major Page xxx Middle Eastern producers, priority was given to exploiting the country's huge reserves of natural gas in order to finance future economic development.
So complete was the process of Islamization that Christianity disappeared completely and few traces of Judaism survived. However, the Berbers were slow to adopt the Arabic language. The first Arabs to settle in the region were few in number, and as soldiers, administrators and traders they were mainly urban dwellers. The invasion from Egypt in the 11th century by tribes of Arab nomads, the Beni Hillal and Beni Solaym, quickened the pace of Arabization in rural areas, but the process was by no means complete.
Demeures de l'Esprit, France IV by Renaud Camus