By Asko Parpola
Of the writing structures of the traditional global which nonetheless wait for interpreting, the Indus script is an important. It constructed within the Indus or Harappan Civilization, which flourished c. 2500-1900 BC in and round glossy Pakistan, collapsing earlier than the earliest ancient documents of South Asia have been composed. approximately 4,000 samples of the writing live on, generally on stamp seals and amulets, yet no translations. Professor Parpola is the manager editor of the Corpus of Indus Seals and Inscriptions. His principles concerning the script, the linguistic affinity of the Harappan language, and the character of the Indus faith are knowledgeable by means of a awesome command of Aryan, Dravidian, and Mesopotamian resources, archaeological fabrics, and linguistic method. His interesting examine confirms that the Indus script was once logo-syllabic, and that the Indus language belonged to the Dravidian kinfolk.
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Extra info for Deciphering the Indus Script
Human memory, too, sets limits to the conveyance of information in verbal form. These difficulties may be overcome by putting the message into a more durable form. This can be done by assigning a symbolic meaning to concrete objects or by means of drawing, engraving or painting pictures or marks. The earliest evidence for such activities is preserved in sculptures and wall paintings more than 20,000 years old. Similarly, incisions on Palaeolithic bone artefacts are assumed to have served for reckoning time.
That the Harappans were a seafaring people is suggested also by representations of ships, both in terracotta models found at Lothal, and on Indus seals and sealings from Mohenjo-daro (figs. 9-10). 1 . 5 The land of Melubba The discoveries of the Gulf culture and Lothal directed attention to the cuneiform references to sea trade. Three foreign countries were the main participants in this trade from the twenty-fourth to the nineteenth century BC: Dilmun, I2 m r, o ScALE ro � TRJYICH LIHF. OF hrn_es � � � -� � so pl.
Elimination of rare signs was one of the ways in which the extensive repertory of signs was gradually reduced, so that it became easier to learn and use. g. �)= 'fire' and � 'torch'. Reduction in the number of signs had to be compensated for by devising ways to meet the need to express new concepts. - 'beer'. The primary meaning of a sign could be extended to include connotations of the object represented. Thus the sign kur depicting 'mountains', and meaning primarily 'mountains, mountain region', also denotes 'foreign country' (because the mountains around the plains of Mesopotamia were inhabited by foreign people) and '(captured) inhabitant of a foreign country, slave'.
Deciphering the Indus Script by Asko Parpola