By Kees Van Dijk
Contemporary years have proven a rise in curiosity within the learn of cleanliness from a ancient and sociological viewpoint. lots of such stories on bathing and washing, on protecting the physique and the streets fresh, and on dirt and the wrestle of dust, concentrate on Europe. In Cleanliness and tradition realization shifts to the tropics, to Indonesia, in colonial occasions in addition to within the current. topics diversity from using cleaning soap and the bathing of garments as a pretext to say superiority of race and sophistication to how references to being fresh performed a task in a crusade opposed to ecu homosexuals within the Netherlands Indies on the finish of the Nineteen Thirties. different themes are eerie epidermis ailments and the sanitary measures to put off them, and the way misconceptions approximately loss of hygiene because the reason behind ailment hampered the discovering of a therapy. awareness can also be interested in variations in angle in the direction of acting own physique capabilities outdoor and taking flight to the privateness of the rest room, to conventional bathing ritual and to the fashionable tropical Spa tradition as a manifestation of a brand new Asian way of life. With contributions through Bart Barendregt, Marieke Bloembergen, Kees van Dijk, Mary Somers Heidhues, David Henley, George Quinn, and Jean Gelman Taylor.
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Extra info for Cleanliness and Culture: Indonesian Histories
He and Alain Corbin (1986) document the history of personal linens and changing attitudes to bodily smells. Dutch portraits of the seventeenth century make a show of the spotless linen their middle class subjects wore beneath heavy outer garments of velvet and wool. The white underwear visible at neck and wrists proclaims that the sitters are clean. Dress historians, such as Lou Taylor (2002), emphasize that silks and other expensive cloths were difficult to care for and hence were worn only by people who could afford servants.
The public baths and spas of eighteenth and nineteenth-century Europe offered medical cures, and were gathering places for high society to drink the water rather than to clean themselves in it. It is only in the industrial era with its pumps and pipes that the primary function of the bath became cleaning the body. Wright studies interior layouts of houses and the history of manufacturing washbasins, jugs, washstands and cabinets for concealing chamber pots. He discusses the portable hipbath that was used in the kitchen,3 and the history of laying underground pipes for bringing water to individual households.
P. W. IJzerman. ’s-Gravenhage: Nijhoff. ] Schama, Simon 1988 The embarrassment of riches; An interpretation of Dutch culture in the Golden Age. : Fontana Press. Shennan, Margaret 2000 Out in the midday sun; The British in Malaya, 1880-1960. London: Murray. Shephard, Ben 1992 ‘Showbiz imperialism; The case of Peter Lobengula’, in: John M. 94-113. Manchester: Manchester University Press. Smith, Virginia 2007 Clean; A history of personal hygiene and purity. Oxford: Oxford University Press. M. and Richard J.
Cleanliness and Culture: Indonesian Histories by Kees Van Dijk