By Anthony Molho, Julia Emlen, Kurt Raaflaub
Reviews the advance of city-states within the classical and medieval sessions
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33 As it turned out to be the correct decision, there is nothing further to be said, but how would it be if the result were different? As it happens, after this happy outcome the Athenian assemblies in Thucydides make no further sensible decisions. So a victory - that " no evil victory" of the Eumenides - could be se cured within the city by a majority vote. Nfke is certainly primarily a military term (and this is the most immediate sense of "no evil victory" ), but in most uses of the word a legal sense stands between war and politics.
44 Consciousness and Representation generally taken in the ekklesia and not pushed through by force or by resort to murder. In fact, in the case of the murder of Ephialtes efforts were made to erase the crime even in antiquity, and oligarchs, in particular the Thirty, whose coup created a lasting fracture in the continuum of civic afairs, made attempts to overthrow the state altogether. Yet such incidents could be con sidered minor accidents, and if they are (but should they be? ) it could be said that democracy was able to protect the well-being of the city.
More particularly, I will attempt to present an alternative to that edifying model of the city as a single entity, at peace with itself and ready to pass directly into the pages of school books and the kind of anthropological studies that in general overlook issues of breakup and movement. I will attempt to show some of the many precautions that were taken and some of the various screens that were erected by cities and by those who thought about cities to avoid having to envisage conflict as a natural part of city life.
City-States in Classical Antiquity and Medieval Italy by Anthony Molho, Julia Emlen, Kurt Raaflaub