By Eberhard Jungel
Eberhard Jüngel is likely one of the world's so much artistic Christian thinkers. this can be his first specific exam of the connection among theology and politics, among the church and country or, as he himself places it, of 'the political lifestyles of the Christian'. This exam takes the shape of a serious theological research of the Barmen Theological announcement - the brave assertion of religion produced in Germany in 1934 within the face of the increase of nationwide Socialism. Jüngel explores specifically the 5th thesis, which matters the state's God-given accountability to defend justice and peace. one of many major features of this ebook is its trouble to combine the intense, educational dedication of theology within the provider of fact with its helpful existential courting to the pulpit. and not using a coherent take hold of of this the church degenerates right into a 'characterless membership for the cultivation of religion' whereas educational theology is decreased to a sort of spineless irrelevance which shirks its tasks to the genuine international. Jüngel's main issue is to provide a theology within which rigorous theological dedication and the religious lifetime of the church are intergrated.
This fresh booklet makes major contributions to the talk in regards to the query of traditional theology and divine decree, the Lutheran doctrine of the 2 regiments (kingdoms), the theological grounds of human rights, the ethics of using strength by way of the kingdom, the consequences for simply warfare conception of the nuclear power and a complete variety of alternative important modern concerns.
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Extra info for Christ, Justice and Peace: Toward a Theology of the State in Dialogue with the Barmen Declaration
If solus Christus is to be taken seriously then it must correspond to 'sola scriptura '. That is, if solus Christus is to be taken seriously, and if we are to exclude some kind of Christ-image or ideology of Christ or a Jesus-cult, some kind of heroic or social-revolutionary *Jesus Christ Superstar", or merely the scientific construct that we are accustomed to call the historical Jesus, if these are to be excluded from taking the place of the living Lord, 'solus Christus ' must then correspond to 'sola scriptura '.
In thinking that one is able to get to know Jesus Christ by some means other than through the Scriptures alone, one inevitably misses Jesus Christ himself. D. , 102. 16 Cf. A Burgsmuller/R. Weth (pub), loc. , 34. 22 CHAPTER 2 trous, false avenues, which lead not to life but to death. "18 In view of such a statement, which today sounds crass and primitive but which at the time received a wide hearing, it is understandable that the Synod declared with such sharpness, in the form of a biblical judgement: "The one who does not go into the sheepfold by the door but climbs in somewhere else is a thief and a murderer" (JnlO:l).
It calls upon all who can stand in solidarity with its Declaration to be mindful of these theological findings in all their decisions concerning Church and State. It appeals to all concerned to return to unity in faith, hope and love. Verbum Da manet in aeternum XXXV This page intentionally left blank Dedication: For my sisters, Hannelore and Margarete, of whom I am proud. This page intentionally left blank Introduction In its fifth thesis the Barmen Theological Declaration defined the responsibility of the state as being to preserve justice and peace.
Christ, Justice and Peace: Toward a Theology of the State in Dialogue with the Barmen Declaration by Eberhard Jungel