By Trudy Griffin-Pierce
This booklet unearths the conflicting meanings of strength held through the government and the Chiricahua Apaches all through their historical past of interplay. while Geronimo and Naiche, son of Cochise, surrendered in 1886, their wartime exploits got here to an finish, yet their actual conflict for survival was once simply starting. all through their captivity in Florida, Alabama, and Oklahoma, Naiche saved alive Chiricahua non secular strength by way of embodying it in his appealing cover work of the Girl’s Puberty Ceremony—a ritual on the very middle of tribal cultural existence and non secular strength.
This narrative is a tribute to the Chiricahua humans, who continue to exist this present day, regardless of army efforts to annihilate them, govt efforts to subjugate them, and social efforts to wreck their language and tradition. even supposing federal coverage makers delivered to undergo the entire strength at their command, they did not eliminate Chiricahua spirit and id nor to persuade them that their reduce prestige was once simply a part of the usual social order. Naiche, in addition to many different Chiricahuas, believed in one other form of strength. even if no longer recognized to have strength of his personal within the Apache feel, Naiche’s work exhibit that he believed in an important resource of non secular energy. In a truly actual experience, his work have been visible prayers for the continuation of the Chiricahua humans. available to members for plenty of reasons, energy helped the Chiricahuas live on all through their history.
In this booklet, Griffin-Pierce explores Naiche’s art in the course of the lens of present anthropological conception on energy, hegemony, resistance, and subordination. As she retraces the Chiricahua odyssey in the course of 27 years of incarceration and exile via vacationing their internment websites, she unearths how the facility used to be with them all through their darkish interval. because it was once whilst the Chiricahua warriors and their households struggled to stick alive, strength is still the centering concentration for modern Chiricahua Apaches. even though by no means allowed to come back to their liked fatherland, not just are the Chiricahua Apaches surviving at the present time, they're protecting their traditions alive and their tradition robust and very important.
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Extra info for Chiricahua Apache Enduring Power: Naiche's Puberty Ceremony Paintings
Neither the Spaniards, who sought safe travel through their territory as well as their conversion to Catholicism, nor the Mexicans, who wanted permission to mine in their territory, were able to establish a lasting peace with the Chiricahuas. The Spaniards tried a series of policies from extermination to colonization in dealing with the Chiricahuas.
A shaman might use his ritual only for the good of his or her own family or might be willing to use this ritual for others as well. Someone who was able to cure others consistently would become well known and might even be able to make a living to some extent from the rituals that he or she performed. Power also brought success in war and raiding, hunting, love, games, and many other endeavors. A Chiricahua told Opler (1996:214), “ . . my power gives me the ability to get horses and mules. ’ ” He went on to explain that his Power also told him that the enemy was coming.
A girl was a member of the same work group throughout her life. She worked with her mother and sisters before and after her marriage. No matter whom she married, she usually stayed in her local group territory, where her knowledge of the food resources of the area continued to be useful. She had learned from childhood how to ef¤ciently exploit its natural resources and then taught this to her daughters. Women thus contributed signi¤cantly both socially and economically, which helped ensure their relatively high status within the Chiricahua culture.
Chiricahua Apache Enduring Power: Naiche's Puberty Ceremony Paintings by Trudy Griffin-Pierce