By Jan Holzer, Miroslav Mareš
Democratic improvement in vital and jap Europe isn't really a entire undertaking, neither is its development proof against inner and exterior threats. the present social, monetary, ethnic and political scenario in the zone offers new dangers.
This textual content identifies and analyses demanding situations to present East-Central eu democracies by way of capability deconsolidation of democracy mirrored within the alterations within the institutional and procedural framework (polity), and within the collection of tools and techniques within the coverage zone. particularly reading the regimes of the Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Slovakia and Slovenia, those demanding situations comprise political extremism and violence, corruption, ethnic and non secular conflicts. providing unique important eu info and applying the idea that of consolidation of democracy from von Beyme and Merkel’s inspiration, the booklet demonstrates that those demanding situations are as a lot motivated via imported phenomena, corresponding to immigration, equipped crime, and different capability systemic undemocratic volatilities, because the family situation.
This textual content could be of key curiosity to students and scholars East eu politics, post-Soviet politics, ecu reviews, safeguard and strategic reviews, diplomacy, sector stories, glossy heritage and sociology.
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Extra resources for Challenges to democracies in East Central Europe
Currently, a larger number of corruption cases are being uncovered, due to an increased public sensitivity towards corruption, as well as pressure by the media and other actors such as political parties, NGOs and IGOs (who often build their reputation through the ‘fight against corruption’). On the other hand, the increased publicity strengthens public scepticism towards political establishment (‘the corrupt elites’). With the exception of Poland and, recently, Hungary (according to one of the indicators), the perception of corruption remains largely the same, got slightly worse over the last few years (Czech Republic, Slovakia) or is markedly worsening (Slovenia).
In other words, there are different kinds of democracy which can be distinguished by a wide range of adjectives. This method was used, for instance, in a study by Jørgen Møller and Svend-Erik Skaaning (2013) to distinguish types of political regimes. Combining the classic concepts of Joseph Schumpeter, Larry Diamond and Robert A. Dahl, they distinguish between minimalist, electoral, polyarchic and liberal democratic regimes. Their distinction is based on the presence or absence of four key features in a given system: competitive elections, inclusive elections with high integrity, civil liberties and rule of law.
Chapter 7, entitled ‘External actors and their influences on the quality of democracy in East Central Europe’, briefly introduces and critically assesses the impact of external players on the quality of democracy in the East Central European region between 2004 and 2013. Based on a theoretical discussion of the potential influences of external players on democratization in the region, the chapter assesses the impacts of international organisations, nation states and NGOs on the quality of democracy.
Challenges to democracies in East Central Europe by Jan Holzer, Miroslav Mareš