By Scott C. Levi
Caravans tells the interesting tale of numerous Punjabi Khatri retailers who equipped nice enterprise empires via their ingenuity and spirit of experience. working in the course of the 16th via 19th centuries, those retailers risked every little thing and travelled throughout Afghanistan, principal Asia, Iran and Russia. They used subtle concepts to transform a modest volume of item into enormous portfolios for exchange and moneylending ventures.
Caravans demanding situations the assumption that the emerging tide of eu alternate within the Indian Ocean usurped the overland ‘Silk street’ exchange, and demonstrates how hundreds of thousands of Punjabis created a booming industry in significant Asia at accurately this ancient second.
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Extra info for Caravans: Indian Merchants on the Silk Road
Here we define vulnerability as the range of changes in degrees and magnitude at which the system is prone to the impact of climatic factors and extreme events. , 2004; Malone and Engle, 2011). It can also be considered as the underlying exposure to damaging shocks, perturbation or stress, rather than the probability or projected incidence of those shocks themselves. The main purpose of analysis is to compute vulnerability to climate change of target countries in South and South-east Asian countries.
Among the set of climatic parameters, rainfall has been crucial in determining the extent of productivity from agricultural farming. Both excess and deficit rainfall patterns that result in floods and droughts, respectively, hamper the farming output. A good amount of work with respect to rainfall and temperature variability trends in India at the macro-level has already been carried out by various research organizations such as India Meteorological Department (IMD), Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology (IITM) and Indian Council of Agricultural Research 35 (ICAR).
This is the ambitious project of linking rivers aimed to reduce the damage of recurrent ﬂoods in the north and water shortages in the western and southern part of India. There has, however, been opposition from different groups; currently this project is on hold and concerted studies are being undertaken on assessing ecological, social, economic and environmental feasibility. Lowest local governance structure in Sri Lanka. Migration can be classiﬁed as: (i) step-up migration where the migrants will be able to improve their livelihoods; (ii) step-down migration where the migrants for various reasons face a more difﬁcult situation of reducing their quality of life due to the conduct of the host location; and (iii) where the migrants do not experience a difference.
Caravans: Indian Merchants on the Silk Road by Scott C. Levi