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Additional info for Can proto-languages have dialects? A critique of recent Russian approaches to the historical reconstruction of Proto-Slavic

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He devoted particular attention to the phonological and accentological connections between Proto-Baltic, other Indo-European proto-languages, and Proto-Indo-European (Vermeer 1988: 161; De Saussure 1894, 1896). Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission. 49 De Saussure believed that there were originally two accentual paradigms in the earliest stage of Proto-Baltic, a barytone paradigm and a mobile paradigm (Vermeer 1988: 161). To derive the four accentual paradigms that existed later in Baltic he proposed a forward stress shift that, when applied phonetically to the original two paradigms, produced the two new additional paradigms of the later stage.

The neo-acute, when it arose, mostly characterized the b paradigm, the forms of which had undergone a stress advancement much earlier, in early Proto-Slavic, under the operation ofthe progressive stress shift. The phonemic inventory of Proto-Slavic before the migrations could be summarized as: 1. tip novogo akuta Examples: Cakavian nebesa 'skies, heavens, (nom. pI. noun)', zene 'wife, (gen. sg. noun)'; Russian dialectal gotovyj 'ready, (masc. nom. sg. ),' sirokij 'wide (masc. nom. sg. )'; Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner.

Dybo found that the accentual curve of a paradigm is determined by the valence of the morphemes within its forms. The valence determines which morpheme and syllable win attract the stress in a form. Class I, i. e. dominant, morphemes have prosodically higher valence, which attracts stress in his morpho-phonemic system (261). Historical accentologists include the study of the accentual paradigms as a vital component in the reconstruction of the accentology of the verbs because they provide insight into the historical development of patterns of stress in the verbs by type of pitch accent.

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Can proto-languages have dialects? A critique of recent Russian approaches to the historical reconstruction of Proto-Slavic by Feeney, Matthew Edward


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