By Walter Hendelman M.D.
Understanding how the mind is prepared and visualizing its pathways and connections may be conceptually difficult. The Atlas of useful Neuroanatomy, 3rd Edition addresses this problem by way of offering a transparent visible advisor to the human vital frightened method (CNS). This variation has been thoroughly reorganized to facilitate studying the constitution and serve as of the CNS. the cloth supplied provides you a stable figuring out of the brain.
An accompanying website (www.atlasbrain.com) contains the book’s illustrations besides rollover labeling, animation of the pathways and connections, a thesaurus, and narrated video demonstrations of the mind.
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The somewhat tortuous artery running down the midline of the cord is the anterior spinal artery. This artery, which is the major blood supply to the ventral portion of the upper part of the cord, is formed by a branch from each of the vertebral arteries (see Figure 58). This artery receives supplementary branches from the aorta along its way, called radicular arteries, which follow the nerve roots. There are two very small posterior spinal arteries. The most vulnerable area of the spinal cord blood supply is around the mid-thoracic level.
The situation is similar in the lumbar region (as shown in the middle of the three lower illustrations). The ventral gray matter, called the ventral or anterior horn, is the motor portion of the gray matter. The ventral horn has the large motor neurons, the anterior horn cells, which are efferent to the muscles (see Figure 44). These neurons, because of their location in the spinal cord, which is “below” the brain, are also known as lower motor neurons. ) The ventral horn is again prominent at this level because of the large number of motor neurons supplying the small muscles of the hand.
The horizontal fissure of the cerebellum is now clearly seen; it is used as an approximate divider between the superior and inferior surfaces of the cerebellum (see Figure 54). The vermis of the cerebellum is clearly seen between the hemispheres. Just below the vermis is an opening into a space — the space is the fourth ventricle (which will be described with Figure 20A, Figure 20B, and Figure 21) The opening is between the ventricle and the subarachnoid space outside the brain (discussed with Figure 21); the name of the opening is the Foramen of Magendie.
Atlas of functional neuroanatomy by Walter Hendelman M.D.