By Ludomir R Lozny
This ebook contributes to higher attractiveness and comprehension of the interconnection among archaeology and political strain, specially imposed via the totalitarian communist regimes. It explains why, lower than such political stipulations, a few archaeological reasoning and practices have been resilient, whereas new rules leisurely penetrated the neighborhood scenes. It makes an attempt to severely overview the political context and its impression on archaeology throughout the communist period around the globe and contributes to higher notion of the connection among technological know-how and politics more often than not. This ebook analyzes the pressures inflicted on archaeologists by means of the overwhelmingly powerful political atmosphere, which stimulates archaeological idea and controls the stipulations for pro engagement. incorporated are discussions concerning the notion of archaeology and its findings by way of the general public.
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Extra resources for Archaeology of the Communist Era: A Political History of Archaeology of the 20th Century
Nevertheless, all these were not clear reroutes from the dogma of “communist archaeology” of the time although at the same time Soviet archaeologists introduced more rigorous scientific standards, theoretical studies returned, and the official policy of détente at the end of this period and through the next period allowed for increased foreign contacts and the introduction of some Western theories. Overall, despite limited academic discussions, stagnation in scholarly pursuit of the past prevailed.
It profoundly weakened the Brezhnev’s Doctrine of 1968, which retroactively justified Soviet intervention in Hungary in 1956 and the Soviet-led invasion of Czechoslovakia in 1968 by the Warsaw Pact forces. The Doctrine officially ended in 1989 when Gorbachev refused to intervene in Poland allowing free elections in the aftermath of the so-called Round-Table talks between the ruling Communist Party and members of political opposition, which resulted in the establishment of the first non-Communist government in Poland after 1945.
In effect, for instance the historically justified cultural Polish-German dichotomy fueled heated debates regarding territoriality of past cultures, which disallowed the recognition of a possibility that the societies of the 400–500s CE that formed in Central Europe during the so-called Migration Period could have been in fact coalescent groups (Lozny, 2013) composed of migrating groups (imagined as Slavs) and remaining Germanic stock, as a total replacement of the societies existing in the region at that time seems simply impossible.
Archaeology of the Communist Era: A Political History of Archaeology of the 20th Century by Ludomir R Lozny