By T. Douglas Price
"Although occupied basically rather in brief within the lengthy span of worldwide prehistory, Scandinavia is a unprecedented laboratory for investigating previous human societies. the world used to be basically unoccupied until eventually the top of the final Ice Age whilst the melting of big ice sheets left in the back of a clean, barren land floor, which used to be ultimately lined through natural world. the 1st people didn't arrive until eventually someday after 13,500 BCE. The prehistoric is still of human job in Scandinavia--much of it remarkably preserved in its toilets, lakes, and fjords--have given archaeologists a richly distinctive portrait of the evolution of human society. during this e-book, Doug cost offers an archaeological heritage of Scandinavia--a land mass comprising the fashionable international locations of Denmark, Sweden, and Norway-from the coming of the 1st people after the final Ice Age to the tip of the Viking interval, ca. advert 1050. built equally to the author's past ebook, Europe prior to Rome, old Scandinavia presents overviews of every prehistoric epoch by way of specific, illustrative examples from the archaeological checklist. An engrossing and complete photo emerges of swap around the millennia, as human society evolves from small bands of hunter--gatherers to giant farming groups to the advanced warrior cultures of the Bronze and Iron a long time, which culminated within the fabulous upward push of the Vikings. the cloth facts of those previous societies--arrowheads from reindeer hunts, megalithic tombs, rock artwork, fantastically wrought weaponry, Viking warships--give vibrant testimony to the traditional people who as soon as referred to as domestic this frequently unforgiving fringe of the inhabitable world"--
"This publication is set the prehistory of Scandinavia, from the 1st population to their Viking descendants. Scandinavia during this research contains the trendy nations of Denmark, Sweden, and Norway. the 1st bankruptcy offers frameworks for realizing the prehistory of Scandinavia, focusing on position, time, and archaeology. the next chapters are equipped through the most important archeological divisions of the time among the arriving of the 1st population, someday after 13,500 BC, and the top of the Viking interval, ca. advert 1050, from the tip of the Pleistocene, to the early Neolithic, to the Vikings. The archaeology of this quarter presents an outstanding point of view at the improvement of human society. it is a type of laboratory for the evolution of human tradition that enables us to envision specific facts approximately earlier alterations in human society and to invite questions about what came about in this approach. Human teams in Scandinavia developed from small bands of migratory hunters to village farmers, metal-using tribes, and early states in approximately 10,000 years. whereas the point of interest of this quantity is on Scandinavia, what has been discovered there has implications throughout a much wider set of archaeological questions: how do people colonize new areas, how do hunter-gatherers adapt to tough environments, how do people take care of dramatic alterations of their setting, how vital used to be the ocean for hunter-gatherers, why did foragers turn into farmers, what have been the implications of farming, how did hierarchical social relationships boost, how did early states function? perception on those questions in Scandinavia sheds mild in other places within the prehistoric world"-- Read more...
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Extra resources for Ancient Scandinavia : an archaeological history from the first humans to the Vikings
Postglacial seas reached the present beaches of southern Scandinavia by approximately 4000 BC, a time marked by a series of transgressions and regressions of the sea, in some instances several meters higher than today. Over time, the coasts of Scandinavia had become a place of peninsulas, archipelagos, and islands. Although climate has been generally warm and stable through the Holocene, there have been several cooler episodes. 2 ka event” (Alley et al. 1997, Seppa et al. 2009). A more recent episode in the Baltic and North Sea was a cooling event known as the Little Ice Age that lasted from approximately AD 1350 to 1850.
This ice sheet moved across the landscape as much as 150 m (almost 500′) or more per year. In a period of several hundred years, the front of this continental ice sheet moved more than 1,000 km (620 miles) across Norway and Sweden, and by the late Weichselian it covered more than half of Denmark. The ice extended across the Baltic basin and crossed the northern coasts of Germany and Poland. To the east, it covered Finland and much of northwestern Russia. 7). Annual temperatures were 8°–10°C (14°–18°F) colder than today, and the ice sheets reached their furthest extent.
Since warming, melting, and the disappearance of the ice sheet, the surface of the land in northern Europe has been rebounding from the removal of that enormous weight. In some areas, particularly in Norway and Sweden, rebound has gone on at a very rapid rate, with significant consequences for archaeology. Mesolithic rock carvings made along the coast of the Oslo fjord some 6,000 years ago are found today more than 150 m (almost 500′) above sea level. Quarries and scatters of quartz artifacts from coastal Mesolithic sites in the Stockholm region are now found at elevations above 70 m (230′).
Ancient Scandinavia : an archaeological history from the first humans to the Vikings by T. Douglas Price