Download PDF by Mark N. Cohen, Gillian M. M. Crane-Kramer: Ancient Health: Skeletal Indicators of Agricultural and

By Mark N. Cohen, Gillian M. M. Crane-Kramer

ISBN-10: 081303082X

ISBN-13: 9780813030821

Twenty years in the past Mark Nathan Cohen coedited a suite of essays that set a brand new ordinary in utilizing paleopathology to spot tendencies in well-being linked to alterations in prehistoric expertise, financial system, demography, and political centralization. Ancient overall healthiness expands and celebrates that work.
 
Confirming past conclusions that human healthiness declined after the adoption of farming and the increase of civilization, this e-book tremendously enlarges the geographical diversity of paleopathological reports through together with new paintings from either proven and up-and-coming students. relocating past the western hemisphere and western Eurasia, this assortment includes reviews from Chile, Peru, Mexico, the USA, Denmark, Britain, Portugal, South Africa, Israel, India, Vietnam, Thailand, China, and Mongolia.
 
Adding nice importance to this quantity, the writer discusses and effectively rebuts the arguments of the "osteological paradox" that lengthy have challenged paintings within the sector of quantitative paleopathology, demonstrating that the "paradox" has some distance much less that means than its proponents argue.

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Additional resources for Ancient Health: Skeletal Indicators of Agricultural and Economic Intensification

Example text

Naïve reconstructions of life expectancy have largely been abandoned—as a result of criticisms by many scholars, although more tempered reconstructions of paleodemographic parameters are still attempted. Isotope studies now help reconstruct diet, geographical variation, and geographic origin and migration of individuals. Trace-element studies, now widely criticized, play a much smaller role. DNA studies and work in immunology now enable us to identify specific diseases in prehistoric skeletons: cholera, tuberculosis, leprosy, syphilis, bubonic plague, malaria, Chagas disease, influenza, ascariasis, and schistosomiasis (Greenblatt and Spigelman 2003).

Panhandle of Florida, there is a general trend toward less negative δ13C values and some reduction in δ15N values, representing the adoption of maize and a decline in marine foods. After contact, the picture changes. In the Guale missions of coastal Georgia (and, later, northern Florida), the appearance of less negative δ13C values and less positive δ15N values compared to earlier populations in the same region suggests an increased commitment to maize and a further decline in the use of marine foods.

Pietrusewsky and colleagues (1997) saw possible improvement in health through time on the Mariana Islands. Fairgrieve and Molto (2000) found an improvement in health from pre-Roman to Roman periods at the Dakleh Oasis in Egypt. Lovell and Whyte (1999) found a decline in hypoplasia rates following the Old Kingdom in Egypt that they relate to known very bad climate conditions in Egypt during the Old Kingdom. Yamamoto (1992) reported a mixed trend in hypoplasia from the Jomon through the Edo period in Japan.

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Ancient Health: Skeletal Indicators of Agricultural and Economic Intensification by Mark N. Cohen, Gillian M. M. Crane-Kramer


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