By Michael A. Krysko
Interwar period efforts to extend US radio into China floundered within the face of incorrect US regulations and ways. located on the intersection of media stories, know-how reviews, and US overseas kinfolk, this examine frames the ill-fated radio tasks as symptomatic of an more and more bothered US-East Asian dating ahead of the Pacific conflict.
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Extra info for American Radio in China: International Encounters with Technology and Communications, 1919-41 (Palgrave Studies in the History)
Indd 41 2/18/2011 6:28:26 PM 2 “We Are Not Interested in the Politics of the Situation”: The Radio Corporation of America in Nationalist China, 1928–37 RCA quickly put the Federal debacle behind it. The company agreed to two radio contracts with China’s new Nationalist regime in 1928, and had two new stations operational in China by the early 1930s. The optimism surrounding the potential for Sino-American radiotelegraphy returned in full force. ”2 As had been the case with Federal, bitter conflict soon swallowed those utopian-minded predictions.
This agreement provided for the first radiotelegraphy link between China and the United States. “In more than one direction the present personnel of the Chinese government is anxious for a close understanding with the United States,” Schurman reported to Washington. The contract proposed building five stations, the main one in Shanghai and four low power stations in Harbin, Beijing, Guangzhou, and Shanghai. The prospective stations promised to be “an important agency of cooperation between the two governments and peoples,” Schurman claimed.
Schwerin, effectively appealed to the Open Door policy to solidify key American support behind his China endeavor. Schwerin, who had done stints as president of Associated Oil Company and the Pacific Mail Steamship Company, had been plucked out of retirement in 1919 to revive the struggling enterprise. Under Schwerin’s watch, the latter company, which was built around trans-Pacific shipping, relied heavily on the Chinese labor market to staff its ships. Pacific Mail, however, went out of business following the 1915 passage of the labor union-supported Seaman’s Act, which mandated that 70 percent of crewmembers understand English-language commands.
American Radio in China: International Encounters with Technology and Communications, 1919-41 (Palgrave Studies in the History) by Michael A. Krysko