By Heather J. Sharkey
In 1854, American Presbyterian missionaries arrived in Egypt as a part of a bigger Anglo-American Protestant stream aiming for all over the world evangelization. safe through British imperial strength, and later by means of mounting American worldwide effect, their company flourished through the subsequent century. American Evangelicals in Egypt follows the continuing and sometimes unforeseen ameliorations initiated through missionary actions among the mid-nineteenth century and 1967--when the Six-Day Arab-Israeli battle uprooted the american citizens in Egypt.
Heather Sharkey makes use of Arabic and English assets to make clear the various features of missionary encounters with Egyptians. those happened via associations, equivalent to colleges and hospitals, and during literacy courses and rural improvement initiatives that expected later efforts of NGOs. To Egyptian Muslims and Coptic Christians, missionaries offered new versions for civic participation and for women's roles in collective worship and group existence. while, missionary efforts to transform Muslims and reform Copts motivated new types of Egyptian social activism and brought on nationalists to enact legislation proscribing missionary actions. confronted via Islamic strictures and customs concerning apostasy and conversion, and by means of expectancies concerning the right constitution of Christian-Muslim family members, missionaries in Egypt trigger debates approximately spiritual liberty that reverberate even this day. finally, the missionary event in Egypt ended in reconsiderations of undertaking coverage and evangelism in ways in which had long term repercussions for the tradition of yank Protestantism.
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Additional resources for American Evangelicals in Egypt: Missionary Encounters in an Age of Empire
In the nineteenth century as in the twentieth, many saw social and religious reform as a worthy goal. 74 In a related vein, a few even suggested that the Christian message, inspired by the example of Jesus, was merely a route to something much larger—the apprehension of God—so that the formality of Christianization need not be the missionary’s singular goal. Writing in 1987 about the foreign mission movement in the history of American Protestantism, William R. ” He wrote, “The reason for such neglect is plain enough: these overseas Americans and their best-known objectives have seemed more than a little embarrassing” with their arrogance, cultural condescension, and zeal.
76 It draws insights, too, from conversations with American missionaries, Egyptian pastors, and other church leaders and participants. 77 The goal here is to produce a history of the American missionary encounter in Egypt that illuminates both the Egyptian and American dimensions of this historical exchange while attending to the changing landscapes of social attitudes and religious beliefs. 78 Five chapters and a conclusion follow. Chapter 2 considers the history of the American mission in Egypt from its founding in 1854 until the British Occupation of 1882.
Chapter 6 surveys the period from 1945 to 1967, when political forces, arising out of Egyptian decolonization and the Arab-Israeli conflict, buffeted the American mission and contributed to the dissolution of the American Missionary Association in Egypt. In this period, the American Presbyterians also began to cultivate relations with Coptic Orthodox and Catholic clerics that were unprecedented for their warmth. 79 C h ap t e r 2 The American Mission, Coptic Reform, and the Making of an Egyptian Evangelical Community, 1854–82 My business is with modern—not ancient—Egypt; with its moral ruins, and not its pictured tombs and stately temples.
American Evangelicals in Egypt: Missionary Encounters in an Age of Empire by Heather J. Sharkey