By American Academy of Ophthalmology, George A. Cioffi MD
Offers a accomplished dialogue of glaucoma, together with epidemiology and the social and fiscal affects of the illness; hereditary and genetic elements; intraocular strain and aqueous humor dynamics; and medical assessment and surgical remedy. a number of the sessions of clinical treatment for glaucoma are defined when it comes to efficacy, mechanism of motion and protection. comprises quite a few photographs illustrating sickness entities and surgical techniques.
Upon final touch of part 10, readers may be capable to:
Identify the epidemiologic good points of glaucoma, together with the social and financial affects of the disease
Describe the medical review of the glaucoma sufferer, together with heritage and basic exam, gonioscopy, optic nerve exam, and visible field
Describe the scientific positive aspects, review, and therapy of basic open-angle glaucoma and normal-tension glaucoma
List many of the medical gains of and healing ways for the first and secondary open-angle glaucomas
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Additional resources for 2014-2015 Basic and Clinical Science Course (BCSC): Section 10: Glaucoma
Ophthalmology. 2000;107(10):1805-1807. Sommer A, Tielsch JM, Katz J, et al. Relationship between intraocular pressure and primary open angle glaucoma among white and black Americans. The Baltimore Eye Survey. Arch Ophthalmol. 1991;109(8):1090-1095. Methods other than Goldmann-type applanation tonometry With the recognition that the accuracy of applanation tonometry is dependent on many uncontrollable factors, there has been renewed interest in developing novel tonometric methods. In particular, new tonometers aim to lessen the potential inaccuracies in measurement that are secondary to differences in corneal thickness and rigidity.
The indentation is read on a linear scale on the instrument and is converted to millimeters of mercury by a calibration table. Because of a number of practical and theoretical problems, however, Schi0tz tonometry is now rarely used. It is possible to estimate IOP by digital pressure on the globe, referred to as tactile tension. This test may be used with uncooperative patients, but it may be inaccurate even in very experienced hands. In general, tactile tensions are useful only for detecting large differences between the patient's two eyes.
Doughty MJ, Zaman ML. Human corneal thickness and its impact on intraocular pressure measures: a review and meta-analysis approach. Surv Ophthalmol. 2000;44(5):367-408. Gordon MO, Beiser JA, Brandt JA, et al. The Ocular Hypertension Treatment Study: baseline factors that predict the onset of primary open-angle glaucoma. Arch Ophthalmol. 2002;120(6):714-720. Mills RP. If intraocular pressure measurement is only an estimate-then what? Ophthalmology. 2000;107(10):1807-1808. Shah S. Accurate intraocular pressure measurement-the myth of modern ophthalmology?
2014-2015 Basic and Clinical Science Course (BCSC): Section 10: Glaucoma by American Academy of Ophthalmology, George A. Cioffi MD